God is the infinite and perfect spirit,
in whom all things have their source, support, and end.
Describing and defining God’s infinity is done usually by describing by what He is not. This is because “in” attached to “finite” means “not”!
So it may be helpful to understand what “finite” means. If something is finite it has definite limits, is restricted to a particular location, or has boundaries on its actions or being.
When the Bible says God is infinite, then, it means that there are no limits, restrictions, or boundaries in creation on who God is or what He can do.
God is not limited by time or space—
- God’s infinity with regard to time is called eternity
- God’s infinity with regard to space is called omnipresence
None of God’s attributes are limited to a particular place. God is not limited in any way by the universe; he is not confined to it. God’s existence cannot be measured; he has no boundaries.
1 Kings 8:27 “But will God indeed dwell on the earth? Behold, heaven and the highest heaven cannot contain You, how much less this house which I have built!”
Ps 147:5 “Great is our Lord and abundant in strength; His understanding is infinite”
- There is no limit to God’s resources for the righteous. A child receives all the love parents can give, but they are limited by time, energy, resources, etc. God loves each individual Christian as if he were the only one He had to care for!
- There is no limit to the wrath God will show toward the unrighteous in judgment. Experiencing the wrath of man is painful and difficult, but it is limited. Imagine being under the wrath of an infinite God! God will judge each individual sinner in hell as if he were the only one God had to punish. “It is a terrifying thing to fall into the hands of the living God,” (Heb 10:31).
- There is no place where or time when believers cannot access God. Only an infinite God can hear any believer’s cry at any time in any place.