Orwell Bible Church


This is the 10th message in the series, “Gospel Truths,” taught by Pastor Dan Greenfield at Orwell Bible Church’s 10:30 a.m. Sunday service on May 15 2022.

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The Importance and Blessings of Marriage

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The Gospel Message and Regeneration

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Election to Salvation

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Jesus’ Resurrection from the Dead

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This is the 6th message in the series, “Gospel Truths,” taught by Pastor Dan Greenfield at Orwell Bible Church’s 10:30 a.m. Sunday service on April 10, 2022.

This is the 5th message in the series, “Gospel Truths,” taught by Pastor Dan Greenfield at Orwell Bible Church’s 10:30 a.m. Sunday service on April 3, 2022.

Romans 6

Romans 3:21-5:21 taught justification—Christ’s righteousness is imputed to the believer and sin is pardoned. The next three chapters teach sanctification—the Spirit infuses grace, enabling the believer to grow in holiness so that sin is subdued. Paul details the Christian’s responsibility regarding sin (chap. 6), the Christian’s relationship to the Law (chap. 7), and the Christian’s rest in Jesus Christ (chap. 8).

First, Paul teaches that because Christians are dead to sin and alive to Christ they must live that way (6:1-14). He begins by stating a possible charge: “Since the gospel teaches believers’ every sin is covered by grace, this promotes the idea that they will sin with gusto so there’s more grace” (v. 1). He answers by pointing to this fact, that believers are united with Christ so that sin’s power is broken and they will live for righteousness (vv. 1-10). This fact involves a command: believers must zealously serve the Lord, their new master (vv. 11-23). The Christian’s responsibility regarding sin is to stop sinning and serve the Lord.

Truths to Nail Down and Meditate On

  1. Baptism in verses 3-4 is seen as either Spirit baptism which happens at conversionor water baptism of a new believer. Water baptism symbolizes the believer’s identification with Christ, death to sin, and resurrection to new life. Spirit baptism accomplishes those facts. Water baptism cannot wash away sin or unite one with Christ. With that said, the NT knows nothing of one baptized with water but not the Spirit, nor of one baptized with the Spirit but not water. Thus, verses 3-4 think back to conversion and all it involved—Spirit and water baptism.
  2. The “old man” (v. 6) refers to the believer’s entire life as an unbeliever. It is “old” in the sense of past, destroyed, non-existent. Because this is so Christian, you must live like it (vv. 11-14)!

Though Christians are freed from sin’s dominating tyranny, they are not free from sin’s presence in their life

Romans 5

Having taught that everyone is sinful, guilty, and condemned before God (1:18-3:20) and that sinners’ only hope of forgiveness and justification is through faith in Jesus Christ (3:21-4:25), Paul shows how justification brings the blessings of peace with God and hope for eternity in 5:1-11. The believer is no longer in a state of “war” with God but peace, having been reconciled through Jesus (vv. 1-2), despite being helpless and ungodly (vv. 6-11). Even life’s troubles are used by God to strengthen, establish, and encourage the believer (vv. 3-5).

In verses 12-21 Paul then taught the basics of justification—that God imputes Jesus’ righteousness to the believer—by drawing five comparisons. First there are two men: Adam and Christ (v. 14). Second, there are two acts: Adam’s one trespass (vv. 12, 15, 17-19) and Christ’s one death (v. 18). Third, there are two results: through Adam comes condemnation, guilt, and death (vv. 15, 16, 18-19) and through Christ comes justification and life (vv. 17-19). Fourth, there are two “kings”: sin, reigning in death (v. 17) and grace, reigning in righteousness (v. 21). Fifth, there are two states: condemned men who are slaves of death by virtue of their connection with Adam (v. 17a) and justified men who reign in life by virtue of their connection with Christ (v. 17b). The Law shows sin, but grace shows righteousness (vv. 20-21).

Truths to Nail Down and Meditate On

  1. Christian, during good and hard times God’s love and Spirit are always with you. During good times stay faithful to the Lord so that your heart isn’t taken away by the addictive sweetness of carnal prosperity. During difficult times stay faithful to the Lord so that your heart isn’t taken away by unbelieving bitterness.
  2. Many deny that Adam’s sin, guilt, and condemnation is imputed to all men because that is “unfair,” believing that people are not so connected with Adam but are only guilty and condemned by their own works. If this is so the same must be said of the Christian: the comparison makes the imputation of Christ’s righteousness and life parallel with the imputation of Adam’s sin and condemnation. Rejecting one demands rejecting the other. If condemnation depends entirely on individual acts, so must justification. And no one can be justified by works! How great is God’s grace!
  3. Salvation is never because of anything good in us! It is only by Christ’s obedience, death, and resurrection. Salvation is entirely the grace of God, not the work of man.

Romans 4

Justification is God’s declaration that through Christ a believer is free from all of sin’s guilt and punishment and stands before Him as perfectly righteous. Paul now teaches some basics about justification by using the example of Abraham.

Justification is by faith apart from works (vv. 2-8). It does not depend on religious rites (vv. 9-12). It is by faith in God’s promise, not the works of the Law (vv. 13-22). It belongs to those who trust in Christ (vv. 23-25).

Justification deals with the believer’s standing before God. This is demonstrated by words such as “accounted” (vv. 3, 5, 9-10), “debt” (v. 4), and “imputes” (vv. 6, 23-24). When a sinner receives and relies on Jesus for salvation, the sinner’s sin is “paid in full” by Jesus’ death on the cross (forgiveness) and God “credits” Jesus’ righteousness to the believing sinner’s account.

Truths to Nail Down and Meditate On

  1. Justification deals with the believer’s standing before God, not his experience. That is, the believer doesn’t instantly live a sinless life or is enabled to do righteous works that help finish what Jesus started (the latter is essentially taught by Roman Catholicism).
  2. Justification is not tied to any religious rite (vv. 10-12). Any who teach that religious rites such as baptism and the Lord’s Supper are essential for salvation teach a false gospel that God condemns (Gal 1:8-9). Only Jesus can forgive sin and provided the needed righteousness to be accepted by God. Jesus’ salvation can only be received by faith, not earned by works.
  3. Faith is not a leap in the dark but believes (receives and rests on) truth from God. True faith does not waver, glorifies God, and expresses that one is fully convinced God will do what he said he would do (v. 20-21).

Romans 3

Having shown that Gentiles and Jews are guilty before and condemned by God (1:18-29), Paul then answers four potential objections Jews may have about what he just taught (vv. 1-8). Verses 9-20 conclude this section, demonstrating that all—Jews and Gentiles—are sinners before God and thus deserve his wrath. No one is as righteous as God expects, so all are guilty and condemned.

The only way guilty, unrighteous sinners can be declared right in God’s sight and be freed from sin’s guilt (this is what justification means), is through faith alone in Jesus Christ (vv. 21-26). God’s righteousness cannot be earned (vv. 21-22), is for all and any who believe (vv. 22-23), and is entirely of grace (vv. 24-25). Jesus bore the wrath of God in sinners’ place (“propitiation,” v. 25) so that the penalties of God’s broken Law would be fully paid.

The result of justification by faith and not works is that all are humbled (vv. 27-28), every believer will be saved (vv. 29-30), and the Law is upheld (v. 31).

Truths to Nail Down and Meditate On

  1. Objections to the gospel have answers from and must be answered by the truths of the gospel. The better you know God’s truth, the better servant of the Lord you will be.
  2. Verses 10-20 are very helpful in teaching sinners their standing before a holy and righteous God. All are sinful in their character (vv. 10-12), communication (vv. 13-14), and conduct (vv. 15-18). No one can give a successful defense against this (v. 19). A guilty verdict is unavoidable and indisputable (vv. 19-20). The lost see that they are truly lost for them to seek salvation through Jesus.
  3. Guilty sinners have no hope in any human being or religion, only in God’s grace through Jesus Christ. sinners must receive and rest in Jesus’ for salvation (“faith”).

Romans 2

In 2:1-3:8 Paul shows how Jews dishonor God breaking the Law and trusting in the religious rite of circumcision. He first details that the principles of God’s judgment are the same regardless of the individual, including Jews (2:1-16). Paul then proves how Jews are guilty before God in that they have not kept all the Law (2:17-29).

Paul is not teaching in verses 5-10 that God saves based on one’s works; that contradicts the clear message of the Bible (Eph 2:8-10). Here Paul is giving the basis of judgment, which is works, not the basis of salvation from judgment, which is grace.

The “law” that everyone has (v. 14) refers to the conscience, a God-given aspect of humanity that evaluates one’s life according to its provided authority.

Last, Paul’s point in verses 28-29 focuses on “what is a true Jew.” The essential evidences and marks of a true Jew were not only having Abraham as one’s physical ancestor and receiving the rite of circumcision, but particularly genuine faith in the Lord, being born again, and the Spirit indwelling and controlling one’s life.

Truths to Nail Down and Meditate On

  1. Sometimes the most difficult person to share the gospel with is a religious person because they think they’re right with God. Use this Scripture to bring them face to face with what their real position before God is; to understand that God judges by works, and none have perfect works; to grasp that God won’t turn a blind eye or grade on the curve; to recognize that the only thing they deserve from God is his wrath (v. 5).
  2. Everyone has a conscience. Your conscience functions according to its authority. If you are not born-again sin controls your conscience. You will still have some sense of right and wrong because you’re made in God’s image, but your sin will suppress that (1:18). If you are a Christian it is so important to be grounded in and obey Scripture, for that will help you live a life that pleases Christ by having a good conscience!
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