Orwell Bible Church


Joshua 13

The land East of the Jordan is divided among the two and a half tribes.

  • Even the strongest must yield to the infirmities of old age
  • We must not expect the older generation to be able to serve God as they once did. The next generation must pick up the sword.
  • Everyone—especially old people—must determine to quickly do what must be done before death keeps them from doing so
  • God will do His work no matter what happens to us
  • God’s sure promises should move God’s people to zealous effort
  • The land was to be divided by God’s will via the lot, which prevented strife (Prov 18:18), not by Joshua, as accusations of favoritism could be made.
  • “The world must be governed, not by force, but right, by the law of equity, not of arms” (Matthew Henry)
  • Written records and documents are essential for remembrance, protection, and prevention

Joshua 12

List of kings defeated by Israel (this list would encourage and remind Israel of what God did and is evidence of a faith-driven life).

  • This account shows God fulfills His Word
  • This account shows how fruitful the country was as it supported so many different kingdoms
  • This shows God’s goodness to Israel by giving victory over the kings and possession of the territory

Joshua 10

Israel conquers numerous cities in Southern Palestine through the Lord’s help.

  • Those whom God has marked for destruction cannot escape His judgment v.8
  • God promised victory and Joshua hastened to battle
  • God’s promises do not encourage sloth but zeal and diligence
  • Those who worship creation rather than the Creator were judged by such
  • Those who make God their enemy are sure to perish
  • Though Joshua marched all night and fought all day, he prayed for the opportunity to serve God more, Isa 40:31; 1 Cor 15:58
  • “Israel did what they could, and yet God did all” (Matthew Henry)
  • God moves hearts to pray for what He gives, vv. 12–14
  • God works through prayer, vv. 12–14
  • God hears our prayers when they are governed by His Word
  • Our prayers show our faith in God’s almighty power, sovereignty, and grace
  • “The same God that rules in heaven above rules at the same time on this earth” (Matthew Henry)
  • All creation is subject to God’s commands; we must therefore flee idolatry
  • Those who think they can hide from God’s judgment deceive themselves and bring about God’s judgment, v. 17
  • Don’t celebrate a victory while the battle still continues, vv. 18–19
  • Wherever you go to flee from God you will always be disappointed, v. 27
  • Someday God will make all His enemies His footstool (Ps 110:1) and put everything under Him (Heb 2:8)
  • When sinners try to thwart God’s justice they succeed only in bringing it upon themselves, v. 33
  • A great amount of work may be done in a little time if we will be busy to take full advantage of opportunities, vv. 29–43
  • If God is for us, who can be against us? V. 42

Joshua 11

Israel conquers numerous cities in Northern Palestine through the Lord.

  • Numbers never guarantee success, vv. 1–5
  • Disobedience nullifies God’s command, v. 15
  • Though Joshua was a great commander he was praised for his obedience to God, v. 15
  • Hardness of heart is the ruin of sinners, v. 20
  • Those who are secure in themselves and who do not heed God’s warnings are already marked for God’s judgment, v. 20
  • “Giants are dwarfs to Omnipotence,” vv. 21–22 (Matthew Henry)
  • Israel’s peace was not with the Canaanites but from them, v. 23

Joshua 9

The Gibeonites trick Israel into thinking they are from far away and Israel makes a covenant with them.

  • One will always be deceived if he never consults with God, v. 14
  • Failure to consult with God always brings failure, v. 14
  • Never be pressured by king or crowd to sin against God and go against your conscience, v. 18

Joshua 8

Here Israel conquers Ai, builds an altar at Mount Ebal, and reads the blessings and the curses of the Mosaic Law.

  • Problems and sin within the church, family, or soul can cause greater problems than problems and sin from outside such, v. 1
  • When you stay away from what God forbids you will enjoy what God provides, v. 2
  • Self-denial never means deprivation, v. 2
  • “Treacherous Israelites are to be dreaded more than malicious Canaanites” (Matthew Henry)
  • Love of ease and comfort does not help one fight the Lord’s battles
  • God’s enemies are blinded by their rage and hatred of Him
  • Prosperity hardens the fool and brings his destruction, vv. 6, 14–17
  • The triumph of the wicked is short
  • Those without God will always be ruined
  • God’s provisions must be enjoyed with orderliness, not greedily consumed, v. 27 (cf. 1 Cor 14:33, 40)
  • Obedience to God must not be delayed until our business or comfort in this world is established
  • God’s written Word is His grace and mercy to men
  • It is good and right to make God’s Word readable and accessible to all men
  • The clear and plain ministry of the whole counsel of God is a blessing to all
  • Everyone—regardless of age, gender, or status—should hear God’s Word
  • “The way to prosper in all that we put our hand to is to take God along with us, and in all our ways to acknowledge him by prayer, praise, and dependence” (Matthew Henry)
  • “Man’s device can add no beauty to God’s institutions” (Matthew Henry)



Joshua 7

In this chapter, Israel is defeated at Ai because Achan took things under the ban from Jericho; Achan and his entire family are stoned and their possessions burned.

  • Love of the world is a difficult root to remove
  • It is easy to promise yourself secrecy and impunity
  • Though none may see secret sins, God does and will bring such to light, v. 1
  • “True Israelites tremble when God is angry” (Matthew Henry)
  • “Nothing is more grievous to a gracious soul than dishonor done to God’s name” (Matthew Henry)
  • If one does not now repent and forsake sin that separates the sinner from God it will eternally separate them
  • Learning from others’ sin can help our sanctification
  • We must continually ask God and work with Him to examine our lives and carefully review our consciences for our own attempts to hide sin
  • “Let not the best families think it strange if there be those found in them, and descending from them, that prove their grief and shame” (Matthew Henry)
  • Sin injures God and His honor
  • Sincere repentance is specific repentance
  • One sin hardens the heart for other sins
  • Sin demands a great investment yet yields a poor return, Matt 16:26
  • Wandering eyes make weeping hearts, v. 21
  • Kill the desire to sin before sin kills you, v. 21
  • Those who think they can fool God fool only themselves
  • Sinners bring trouble upon those around them and themselves, v. 25
  • Public sin demands public repentance and when necessary public judgment, vv. 24–25

Joshua 6

Here Jericho is conquered after Israel marches around it seven days and its wall falls. God instructs everything to be destroyed; Rahab and her family are saved.

  • God as the sovereign Creator can raise up and tear down as He desires, v. 2
  • The walls of Jericho fell by faith, not by force, v. 5
  • “The strongest and highest walls cannot hold out against Omnipotence,” (Matthew Henry)
  • God’s promised deliverances must be expected in His way and time, vv. 14–15
  • Nothing worthy is ever lost by perseveringly doing one’s duty from God, vv. 15–16
  • The people’s shout was one of triumph, faith, and prayer, v. 20
  • God promised them a land flowing with milk and honey, not a land abounding with silver and gold, vv. 18–21
  • What Jericho trusted in for their defense God turned for their destruction, v. 20
  • The God whom you serve in the advance of Christ’s name is the same God whom Joshua served in the destruction of Jericho
  • It is foolish to invest in what God destroys, v. 26

Joshua 5

In this chapter, Israel is circumcised; manna ceases; the Captain of the Lord meets Joshua.

  • God is concerned for the honor of His people for His honor is wrapped up with them, v. 9
  • Don’t expect extraordinary support when needs can be met from ordinary means, v. 12
  • God’s gifts match our needs, vv. 10–12
  • God’s encouragements increase proportionate to our difficulties, vv. 13–15
  • God’s help and encouragement are found as we obey Him with diligence and sincerity, vv. 13–15
  • What God by His Word requires of us He by His grace works in us


Click here for a PDF bulletin insert of this article 

Perhaps one of the most hot-button issues of our time is homosexuality. For the first time in history the majority of Americans see nothing wrong with homosexuality and homosexual marriage.

What should we make of this majority acceptance of homosexuality? Should we conclude that God going to judge the USA? The Bible makes clear that homosexuality is not the basis of God’s judgment; it is God’s judgment (Rom 1:18–32). God judges those who reject Him by giving them up to their sinful lusts, letting them have their way instead of graciously restraining them.

What is the evidence of God’s judgment through homosexuality? Consider these recent indications—

  • The immoral morals of America—the vast majority see nothing wrong with pre-marital sex, unmarried couples living together, and divorce. A quick sampling of what people watch and listen to provides more than sufficient evidence of America’s immoral morals.
  • The President of the USA boldly proclaimed in his second inaugural address: “The president has called for the repeal of the Defense of Marriage Act that defines marriage as a union of a man and a woman…Later in the address, Obama said: ‘Our journey is not complete until our gay brothers and sisters are treated like anyone else under the law—for if we are truly created equal, then surely the love we commit to one another must be equal as well.’”
  • The Boy Scouts of America is considering ending its ban on gay scouts and leaders. The honorary president of the Scouts, the President of the United States, said, “My attitude is that gays and lesbians should have access and opportunity the same way everybody else does, in every institution and walk of life” (emphasis added).
  • Fast changing laws about marriage—there are now nine states that legally recognize same-sex marriage: Connecticut, Iowa, Maine, Maryland, Massachusetts, New Hampshire, New York, Vermont, and Washington—as well as the District of Columbia and two Native American tribes. As mentioned above, President Obama wants the Defense of Marriage Act to be repealed so that the federal government would recognize same-sex marriages.
  • There are many alleged Christian groups accepting homosexuality. The United Methodist Church does not view homosexuality as sin, allowing homosexuals to be members and lay leaders. A number of American Baptist Churches conduct gay weddings and make a conscious effort to make church “weird” so everyone is accepted “for who they are.” Even some evangelicals allow gays and lesbians as church members, view it as genetic, or no longer proclaim it as sinful.

In view of these evidences, what should Bible-believing Christians expect? We should expect homosexuality to continue to grow in acceptance. Expect advocates of homosexuality to press their views in the name of “tolerance.” Expect growing pressure on the true Christian church to compromise. Expect growing persecution on churches that do not compromise

We did not get to this point because of the media, rising divorce rate, etc. True, Satan uses such means to destroy humanity and ultimately attack God, but means are not the cause or root issue. Legal and social efforts to reinforce and strengthen a biblical view of marriage are good and have their place, but such will never deal with the root problem.

What is the root issue? In a word, it is sin. America’s refusal to acknowledge and honor the true God of the Christian Scriptures and instead suppress that through unrighteousness is the root cause. God judges the unrepentant by giving them up to their sinful and vile desires so that they dishonor their bodies and engage in idolatry and every gross perversion. Overall, the American way of life practices and approves of sin and those who engage in such (Rom 1:32).

More than ever, Christians must sanctify Christ as Lord in their hearts, and thus be ready to give an answer for the hope that is in them (1 Pet 3:15). This requires understanding what the Bible teaches about homosexuality. It is sin that God forbids (Lev 18:22) and a perversion (Gen 18:20–21; Rom 1:26–27). God judges unrepentant homosexuals (Gen 19:4–5, 24–25; Rom 1:18–32; 2 Pet 2:4–10; Jude 6–7). Unrepentant homosexuals will not be in Christ’s Kingdom (1 Cor 6:9–10). What must be remembered is that sin is not just the act of sinning—one’s thoughts, affections, desires, and disposition are sinful as well, and this applies to homosexuality (Rom 1:24–27; 8:5–8; Gal 5:19–21).

The Bible also teaches that God saves and sanctifies homosexuals. God can forgive and cleanse sin (Isa 43:25; Mic 7:18–19; 1 Cor 6:11), change homosexuals (2 Cor 5:17), and helps repentant homosexuals fight against temptation (1 Cor 10:13; Gal 5:16).

What should be the response of Christian churches? We must proclaim the biblical gospel which “is the power of God unto salvation to every one that believeth” (Rom 1:16). We must teach, defend, and exemplify biblical marriage and morality in our churches (1 Thess 4:1–8). We must strive for sexual purity in our churches and personal lives by fleeing from immorality (Ps 141:4; 1 Cor 6:18–20; Eph 4:17–24; 5:11–12; 2 Tim 2:22). We must avoid evil and tempting situations (Job 31:1; Prov 1:10; 4:25–27), which necessarily involves rejecting media that contains unbiblical morality (public compromise always begins with personal compromise). Last, we must be faithful and compassionate witnesses to homosexuals and encourage Christians who struggle with homosexual thoughts, affections, and desires.

“Such were some of you; but ye are washed, but ye are sanctified,
but ye are justified in the Name of the Lord Jesus, and by the Spirit of our God”
1 Corinthians 6:11

New Testament Introduction and Survey

Bible Class: New Testament Introduction and Survey

Class One

Class Two

Class Three

Class Four

Class Five

Class Six

Class Seven

Class Eight

Class Nine

Class Ten

Class 11

Class 12 – 1 Corinthians

Class 13 – 2 Corinthians

Class 14 – Ephesians and Philippians

Class 15 – 1 Timothy and Titus

Class 16 – Colossians, Philemon, 2 Timothy

Class 17 – James and 1 Peter

Class 18 – 2 Peter and Jude

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