Orwell Bible Church

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1 Samuel 28

Fearful of the gathering Philistines and having no direction from God, Saul consults a medium to communicate with Samuel. Samuel tells Saul that he will die the next day.

  • Do you remember what the “Urim” was (v. 6)?
  • Was the medium expecting to see Samuel? What should that tell you about what happened here?
  • Note what Samuel says in verse 18 about the key responsibilities of the Theocratic king.

1 Samuel 27

David flees to a Philistine city and hides from Saul, raiding enemy cities.

  • Why did David flee?
  • What did David do while he was in Philistine territory? Was he trying to win the local Canaanite population to the Lord? Or something else? Why?

1 Samuel 26

David sneaks into Saul’s camp while they slept and took Saul’s sword and jug. David testifies of his own righteousness.

  • This chapter provides the basis for Psalm 54.
  • What did the Lord do to Saul and his soldiers? This provided a test for David—what could he have done? What would that have said about his character?
  • Note verse 23—David was controlled by a heart that loves God and is informed by the Word.

1 Samuel 25

Samuel dies. David asks Nabal for provisions and is rebuffed. David is kept from exacting vengeance by Nabal’s wife Abigail. Nabal dies and David marries Abigail.

  • Why did David call himself Nabal’s son in verse eight?
  • What does “Nabal” mean? How do you know?
  • What did David almost do? How would that have been different from his past actions toward Saul?

1 Samuel 24

David has the opportunity to kill David but does not and lets Saul know that.

  • What was David’s controlling motivation (v. 6)?
  • Who did the Lord rely on for settling matters (v. 12)? How can you apply that to your life?
  • David’s word in verse 15 runs throughout his psalms.

1 Samuel 23

David delivers a city from the Philistines and flees from Saul while Saul continues to pursue.

  • How did David go about making decisions? What was his motivation and concern? Contrast that with Saul.
  • How did David escape Saul’s efforts to kill him? Was it because David was smart and ingenious?

1 Samuel 22

David sends his parents to Moab for protection. Saul has Abiathar the priest and his city killed in retaliation.

  • Note verse seven—what was Saul’s orientation? In other words, what did he value and think was important?
  • Contrast Saul’s actions and atrocities with how the theocratic king should  have acted.

1 Samuel 21

David flees from Saul, takes consecrated bread from the priest for food, and Goliath’s sword. Though David initially flees to a Philistine city for protection he feigns madness to escape.

  • How did David try to protect Ahimelech?
  • Why did David flee to Achish?

1 Samuel 20

In response to Saul’s attempts to kill David, David and Jonathan covenant together—David will ensure the survival of Jonathan’s line, and Jonathan will protect David’s life. Saul tries to kill Jonathan, and Jonathan tells David to flee.

  • What can you learn about a covenant from this passage?
  • What was the basis of Jonathan and David’s covenant (v. 17)?
  • Look at verse 31—what was Saul concerned about? How does that contrast with David’s concern?

Sunday Morning Message: Hebrews 10:24-25

You can listen to this message by going to the Audio tab, here. Here is a brief summary:

The readers were considering leaving Christianity and returning to Judaism, most likely because of the persecution they were experiencing. The author of Hebrews writes to encourage and exhort them to remain true to Christ, and he does so by (1) demonstrating Christ’s superiority to the prophets, angels, Moses, and the Levitical priesthood, and (2) exhorting the readers of the eternal danger that leaving Christ involves.

Here in 10:24–25 the author of Hebrews concludes his initial application of Christ’s superiority, demonstrating that the first mark of true, persevering faith is being faithful to God (10:19–25). Because the believer has access to God through Jesus Christ and in Christ he has a great high priest, the Christian must (1) draw near to God, not fall away from him, v. 22; (2) hold fast his Christian confession, not let it go, v. 23; and (3) be devoted to ministering to Christ’s body, not forsake it, vv. 24–25.

The author of Hebrews in 10:24-25 exhorts his readers to be faithful to Christ, and such faithfulness necessarily involves faithfulness to Christ’s body, the church. Faithfulness to Christ is evidenced by faithfulness to His body.

Genuine Christianity is characterized by faithfulness to the church, not falling away from it. Faithfulness to Christ is demonstrated by faithfulness to His body, the church. Faithfulness to the church is characterized by regular ministry to one another, not abandonment of other Christians.

God’s Attributes

God is the infinite and perfect spirit,
in whom all things have their source, support, and end.

The word attribute when used of God refers to His essential qualities. Other words used are characteristics, qualities, perfections, and excellencies.

God’s attributes are essential and fundamental to who He is, so that we can say God is what His attributes are (1 John 5:16, “God is love”).

These are not qualities that humans attribute to God; they are characteristics that God attributes to Himself in the Bible.

God’s attributes reveal who He is and what He is like. Through His attributes God makes Himself known to us and is distinguished from all creation.

These are not different “parts” that are added to God; they are essential to who He is.

We are not able to “see” God in His fullness and completeness because we are finite/limited, and so we divide up that which is infinite so we can have some knowledge of Him.

Theologians usually classify God’s attributes into two main divisions to help understand them. Here are some examples—

  • Incommunicable, communicable
  • Absolute, relative
  • Natural, moral
  • Greatness, goodness

We will follow the last example, which arranges God’s attributes in this way:

Greatness—self-existence, infinity, perfection, omnipotence, omniscience, omnipresence, wisdom, eternity, immutability, incomprehensibility

Goodness—holiness, truth, love, righteousness, faithfulness, mercy, grace

1 Samuel 19

Saul’s attempts to kill David are continually thwarted.

  • Reference to the “idol” or “image” in verse 13 is curious; it may refer to an actual idol that Michal worshiped or it may have been an image in the shape of a head or bust.
  • Think about the Spirit’s work in Saul’s messengers and Saul himself. Did this mean they were saved/born again? (Remember Balaam and his donkey!)