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1 Samuel 24

David has the opportunity to kill David but does not and lets Saul know that.

  • What was David’s controlling motivation (v. 6)?
  • Who did the Lord rely on for settling matters (v. 12)? How can you apply that to your life?
  • David’s word in verse 15 runs throughout his psalms.

1 Samuel 23

David delivers a city from the Philistines and flees from Saul while Saul continues to pursue.

  • How did David go about making decisions? What was his motivation and concern? Contrast that with Saul.
  • How did David escape Saul’s efforts to kill him? Was it because David was smart and ingenious?

1 Samuel 22

David sends his parents to Moab for protection. Saul has Abiathar the priest and his city killed in retaliation.

  • Note verse seven—what was Saul’s orientation? In other words, what did he value and think was important?
  • Contrast Saul’s actions and atrocities with how the theocratic king should  have acted.

1 Samuel 21

David flees from Saul, takes consecrated bread from the priest for food, and Goliath’s sword. Though David initially flees to a Philistine city for protection he feigns madness to escape.

  • How did David try to protect Ahimelech?
  • Why did David flee to Achish?

1 Samuel 20

In response to Saul’s attempts to kill David, David and Jonathan covenant together—David will ensure the survival of Jonathan’s line, and Jonathan will protect David’s life. Saul tries to kill Jonathan, and Jonathan tells David to flee.

  • What can you learn about a covenant from this passage?
  • What was the basis of Jonathan and David’s covenant (v. 17)?
  • Look at verse 31—what was Saul concerned about? How does that contrast with David’s concern?

Sunday Morning Message: Hebrews 10:24-25

You can listen to this message by going to the Audio tab, here. Here is a brief summary:

The readers were considering leaving Christianity and returning to Judaism, most likely because of the persecution they were experiencing. The author of Hebrews writes to encourage and exhort them to remain true to Christ, and he does so by (1) demonstrating Christ’s superiority to the prophets, angels, Moses, and the Levitical priesthood, and (2) exhorting the readers of the eternal danger that leaving Christ involves.

Here in 10:24–25 the author of Hebrews concludes his initial application of Christ’s superiority, demonstrating that the first mark of true, persevering faith is being faithful to God (10:19–25). Because the believer has access to God through Jesus Christ and in Christ he has a great high priest, the Christian must (1) draw near to God, not fall away from him, v. 22; (2) hold fast his Christian confession, not let it go, v. 23; and (3) be devoted to ministering to Christ’s body, not forsake it, vv. 24–25.

The author of Hebrews in 10:24-25 exhorts his readers to be faithful to Christ, and such faithfulness necessarily involves faithfulness to Christ’s body, the church. Faithfulness to Christ is evidenced by faithfulness to His body.

Genuine Christianity is characterized by faithfulness to the church, not falling away from it. Faithfulness to Christ is demonstrated by faithfulness to His body, the church. Faithfulness to the church is characterized by regular ministry to one another, not abandonment of other Christians.

God’s Attributes

God is the infinite and perfect spirit,
in whom all things have their source, support, and end.

The word attribute when used of God refers to His essential qualities. Other words used are characteristics, qualities, perfections, and excellencies.

God’s attributes are essential and fundamental to who He is, so that we can say God is what His attributes are (1 John 5:16, “God is love”).

These are not qualities that humans attribute to God; they are characteristics that God attributes to Himself in the Bible.

God’s attributes reveal who He is and what He is like. Through His attributes God makes Himself known to us and is distinguished from all creation.

These are not different “parts” that are added to God; they are essential to who He is.

We are not able to “see” God in His fullness and completeness because we are finite/limited, and so we divide up that which is infinite so we can have some knowledge of Him.

Theologians usually classify God’s attributes into two main divisions to help understand them. Here are some examples—

  • Incommunicable, communicable
  • Absolute, relative
  • Natural, moral
  • Greatness, goodness

We will follow the last example, which arranges God’s attributes in this way:

Greatness—self-existence, infinity, perfection, omnipotence, omniscience, omnipresence, wisdom, eternity, immutability, incomprehensibility

Goodness—holiness, truth, love, righteousness, faithfulness, mercy, grace

1 Samuel 19

Saul’s attempts to kill David are continually thwarted.

  • Reference to the “idol” or “image” in verse 13 is curious; it may refer to an actual idol that Michal worshiped or it may have been an image in the shape of a head or bust.
  • Think about the Spirit’s work in Saul’s messengers and Saul himself. Did this mean they were saved/born again? (Remember Balaam and his donkey!)

1 Samuel 18

The Lord blesses David’s efforts and Saul grows increasingly jealous and fearful.

  • Why would Saul be suspicious of David? Why did Saul fear him?
  • What was the cause of David’s prosperity and success?

1 Samuel 17

The Philistine warrior Goliath defies the Lord and Israel; David kills him.

  • By defying Israel (v. 10) who was Goliath really fighting against (cp. v. 36)?
  • Who did Goliath depend on? Who did David depend on?
  • Carefully read and meditate on what David says in verses 46–47. David spoke and acted with faith and confidence. Did he have a biblical basis for this?

1 Samuel 16

Saul anoints David to be King; he receives the theocratic anointing to enable him to lead Israel and it is removed from Saul.

  • What is the difference between the Lord’s and man’s appraisal (v. 7)? How should this affect and control you (cp. 2 Cor 5:16)?
  • Note verses 13–14. The Spirit-given enablement that helped Saul lead Israel was removed and given to David. This is called the “theocratic anointing.” It does not refer to the new birth. How does this help you understand David’s request in Psalm 51:11?

1 Samuel 15

Saul destroys the Amalekites but not utterly. The Lord rejects Saul as king.

  • What did God command Saul to do? How did he “obey”?
  • Note verse 12—what did Saul do? Note verse 13—what did Saul do? Who did Saul blame in verse 14?
  • How did Samuel respond to Saul’s assertion in verse 21 that the end justifies the means?
  • What can you learn about God in this chapter?